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• The territory - The Park of Cilento
Is the 2nd National Park of Italy by extension, Mab-Unesco biosphere reserve, Unesco World Heritage, home of one of the oldest and most important schools of thought (Elea - Parmenide and Zenone), home of the Mediterranean diet (rediscovery and re-evaluated by prof. Ancel Keys, inventor of the famous Ration Kappa). Cilento has, therefore, this prestigious and noble origins (largely undiscovered) based mainly on the many environmental treasures (one of the largest beech forests in Europe, the most numerous colony of otters in Italy, etc.). The National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano extends from Agropoli-Castellabate (North) in Scario (south) and inland to Teggiano. In the west there's about 100 km of coastline - mostly rock - wet from the blue sea for years at various locations ensures the European Blue Flag and the Five Sails (between these navies of Castellabate, Agropoli and Pollica). The peaks of Cilento come to 2,000 meters and are rich of vegetation (about 2000 species of flora identified) and a kind of animals very rare (the species mostly found is the wolf, the wild cat, the black woodpecker and the golden eagle).
• The territory - Local history
Although Homer mentions it first to the coasts of present Castellabate, the history of this area is mainly linked to St. Costabile Gentilcore, IV Ss.ma abbot of the Trinity of Cava de 'Tirreni. In the same year it was raised to the dignity of abbot, he began the construction of the Castle of the Angel (October 10, 1123), which subsequently called to him, gave rise to the name of the village: Castrum Abbatis, the Castle the abbot, castle ABB, Castellabate.
Abbey Costabile did not last long. He died, in fact, 17 February 1124. His successor, Abbot Simeon, completed the construction of the manor and always helped people. Over time, became the most important barony Castellabate Cilento.
But proceed rapidly, reaching to 1800, with this page comes from a volume the historian Peter Ebner. "In 1553 the court directed the famous jurist sold Castellabate Arrow Marino, who years later sold the goods procured Carlo Caracciolo. Castle house and then went to the family and this Loffredo Filomarini accounts of Rocca d'Aspide). In 1619 he was asked to consent to the sale dell'erbaggio the trust throughout the castle made of Abbé Francesco Matarazzo, son and heir of Alexander and Thomas Filomarino of the Rock. The estate then passed to the family of the Counts of Conversano Acquaviva. ... Then ... went to the Granite family that owned it in the 700 with the title of Marquis, obtained November 29, 1745. The feud with the Coast Pilot of Omignano and other jurisdictions on the grounds of Rocca Cilento Montecorice, S. Maria a Mare, rutin and S. Lorenzo then passed by inheritance (20 July 1767) of Paris, his son Angelo and his son Louis this ... Not having had the title passed to the descendants of his brother Joachim second ... and then the latter's son, Angelo (b. 21 October 1782 m. June 29, 1861). This nobleman married Pauline Pignatelli, Princess of Belmonte, ... they had Joachim (November 2, 1849), by letters Patent 3 April 1887 to take ... got the titles of Prince of Belmonte .... " [...]
Slowly regained following relationship with the sea, many residents of Castellabate took to fishing. A bit 'at a time the economy of the area, a predominantly agricultural, turning left: the late nineteenth century, fishing - which has become a major source of income - were joined by other activities. "The reference must necessarily be granted to services, which brought in marine shipbuilding Castellabate birth ... and, last but not least, the preservation and dissemination in the domestic market of the fish sausage and sottosale. [Written by Sara Scognamillo]